From the day it was released to today, Android has converted itself conceptually and functionally. Google’s mobile operating system may have started out not on a good note but now it has gained a reputation of the best mobile operating system in the market.
Here is the journey of Android versions
Android Version 1.0 – 1.1
These were the early days when Android made its debut in the market in 2008 with Android 1.0 with no codename.
It was a basic mobile operating system but the software did include Google apps like G-Mail, Maps, Calendar, and YouTube. These apps were integrated into the OS.
Android Version 1.5 – Cupcake
Android 1.5 Cupcake was released in early 2009 which was given the name for the first time. This OS brought numerous modifications to the OS like first on-screen keyboard. This OS also allowed the framework for 3rd Party app widgets.
Android Version 1.6 – Donut
Donut OS was rolled out in the fall of 2009 which had the ability for the OS to work on different screen resolutions and sizes which was the important factor in the coming years. This OS also added support for CDMA networks.
Android Version 2.0 to 2.1 – Eclair
Android 2.0 Éclair was rolled out to the public just six weeks after Donut and Éclair 2.1 update was named as Éclair as well which came out a couple of months later. Elements like voice-guided turn-by-turn navigation and real time traffic information made this OS on of the transformative release ever by Google. Éclair also brought a unique feature of live wallpapers and first speech-to-text function.
Android Version 2.2 – Froyo
Google announced Android 2.2, Froyo, just after four months of Android 2.1 Éclair. Froyo had some potent features like front-facing features and support for Flash to Android web browser.
Android Version 2.3 – Gingerbread
Android Gingerbread was the first OS which got a noteworthy response in 2010. Bright green Android robot mascot became an important part of Android Gingerbread.
Android Version 3.0-3.2 – Honeycomb
In the year 2011, it was a very strange time for Android Honeycomb because it was only tablet-only release to support the launch of Motorola Xoom tablet. Its later versions 3.1 and 3.2 remained tablet based and closed-source entity.
Honeycomb introduced a creative UI under the supervision of new design chief Matias Duarte. The concept of tablet-specific interface didn’t work for a longer period but many of the Android Honeycomb ideas laid the foundation for the Android that we know today. It was first OS to use on-screen buttons for Android navigational commands and also the concept of card-like UI was introduced.
Android Version 4.0 – Ice Cream Sandwich
Android Ice Cream Sandwich was rolled out in 2011. This OS began the era of modern design and its release fine-tuned the visual concepts that were introduced with Honeycomb and combined both tablets and phones with a unified UI idea.
ICS also made swiping an important method of getting to OS with the ability to swipe away things like recent apps and notifications and it initiated the slow process of taking a standardized design framework known as Holo.
Android Version 4.1 to 4.3 – Jelly Bean
Jelly Bean releases were spread around 2012 and 2013 and it took ICS fresh foundations and made eloquent steps in building and fine-tuning it. This release added a lot of value into the operating system which made Android more appealing for the average user. Features included interactive and expandable notifications, expanded voice search system and advanced system for showing search results in general based on card-based results which allowed to answer the questions directly.
Android Version 4.4 – KitKat
With the release of KitKat in 2013, it ended the Android dark era. The blacks and blues of Gingerbread and Honeycomb finally made their way out of the operating system. Transparent status bar, white icons, lighter backgrounds, and more neutral highlights gave it a modern look. KitKat also introduced the first version of “OK, Google” support but the hands-free activation prompt only worked when a screen was switched on and you were either at home screen or inside Google app in KitKat.
Android Version 5.0 to 5.1 – Lollipop
Android was reengineered by Google with the release of Android 5.0 Lollipop in fall 2014. It introduced still-present-today material design standard, which gave a fresh look which was extended to all Android, its apps and even other Google products.
Android Version 6.0 – Marshmallow
Marshmallow was introduced in 2015 and it had minor updates but it started the trend of Google releasing one Android version in a year.
Android Version 7.0 to 7.1 – Nougat
Google Android Nougat released in the year 2016 which gave features like split-screen mode, data server, and a new bundled-by-app system.
Android Version 8.0 to 8.1 – Oreo
Google Android Oreo added a variety of new features like picture-in-picture mode, notifications channels and notification snoozing option.
Android Version 9.0 – Pie
It is the newest version of Android named as Android Pie. It was rolled out in early August 2018. Its most distinguishing feature is gesture navigational system and gesture-based commands.